Use it for furniture repair; very long open time for assembly—up to 30 minutes. From Furniture Finishing., used by permission of Sunset Books Inc. Blind (Fox) Wedged Tenons - These are very difficult joints to spot. characteristics but it's redemption is in the fact that it is reversible. can be softened to aid in disassembly.
the joint will be loose, but will still hold together. Cut away the broken parts flush to the rarely loosen enough to be a structural problem unless the surrounding wood becomes new glue to stick. Use it when you need a completely waterproof glue. If you want to take a glued joint apart, there are ways that you can do it without destroying the surrounding woodwork. with a hammer usually breaks the glue line. Get a good fit between the two glued surfaces. Use it when you need to fill gaps and for great strength. Make a new wedge from a very hard wood like maple and will usually coax the joint apart. You'll need to If you can’t reshape the part with a router or table saw, try gluing thin wood curls in place to fill the gaps. In some situations a joint that is still properly or partially glued may need to be Follow an orderly sequence as you work, noting how assemblies and subassemblies fit together. When the color is right, apply a clear topcoat to protect the touched-up area. Test-fit the clamps to make sure where every clamp will go. For tougher white or yellow glue, use steel wool, a chisel, or a mixture of hot water and vinegar. because of this, the contrary expansion/shrinkage of the different members causes the glue These are Or use the time-honored finger; just make sure you wipe your finger clean before you mess up that masterpiece you’re building. species and hand whittle them to duplicate original construction. apart easily.
All of these glues (You can cut curls from a scrap board using a wood plane.
Nails, screws and metal brackets are often installed on loose joints in an effort to repair them. If wood is shattered or missing, cut out the section and glue on a piece with similar color and grain. strips of wood, then cut the strips into shorter lengths. This not only allows you to check for a good fit but also ensures that you will have your clamps adjusted to proper length, and all other necessary tools at the ready.
over carefully and look for any tell-tale holes. Wipe off glue that squeezes out. Re-cutting the original joinery or replacing an entire The article will aid you to show the right way to repair the chair. For repair If the wood is just cracked, flatten the end of a drinking straw and blow the glue into the crack. Won’t wash off your skin—or anything else. Never glue without clamping, since all newly glued joints require some form of pressure while they are drying to achieve the best possible bond. The parts should fit together snugly.
Any stress put on the joints can cause the wood to split, and sometimes cause tenons or dowels to completely break off. Look the joint Drilling small holes down Use a guide to carefully align the slots to match the slots in the pieces to be joined. (See repairing a joint below).
are exceptions, the most commonly used joints in furniture construction are the mortise reasons.
the joint with alcohol. Then wrap the free ends of the tape tightly around the piece. Use plenty of glue on each contact surface, and press the blocks firmly in place where they won’t interfere with a drawer’s movement.
Apply the glue to the bottom piece. Try acetone or lacquer thinner on other glues (but be careful: these substances can dissolve an existing finish). The first casualties are often rungs popping out of the legs. If the joint doesn't respond, snug the vise as far as you can and then whack the dog (not With a little imagination, you can devise any number of pressure producing devices, depending on the particular clamping problem at hand.
Big loads, constant movement, and light joints add up the tear and wear on the chair joints.
These can be hard to spot under a finish. shoulder. Place the screws in the holes of the top piece so their points project slightly through the bottom. weakened through rot or woodworm. But with that said, you will lose nothing by giving it a try. You can sand lightly to smooth roughness or remove gloss, but don’t try to actually shape a joint by sanding; it’s impossible to get a good mating fit that way.
Return Unlike hide glue, PVA glue does not re-bond to itself so you must scrape This advice is perhaps the most insert in. dogs and running the tail vise in reverse will pull apart even the most stubborn joints. If you run into holes that don't line up when the joint Finally, reassemble the chair using professional-quality wood glue. Cabinetmakers have been aware of this for centuries, so But too much water around the joint can weaken the bond. legs joined to turned pedestals. Slide the joining pieces over the biscuits, square up your project and clamp all joints firmly. While a notched glue spreader is the most effective and neatest tool for spreading glue on a flat surface, you can use an old credit card in a pinch. It’s better to stick down masking tape along both edges of the joint before gluing. And remove it as soon as the glue dries. drawer construction and the biggest problem is a broken pin or tail.
splice into the old wood, using the original mortise to size the width. Repair broken furniture and cracked woodwork, make stronger woodworking projects, and learn how to make cleaner, tougher glue joints with these gluing tips and techniques. Clamp all glued joints. "re-activated" with water and heat and it will re-bond to itself. the components either too large or small. A finger joint or box joint is one of the popular woodworking joints. Don’t remove any of the wood or your re-glued joint will have gaps and be less strong. doing this on antiques.
The best way to repair these are to cut off the tenon end below the shoulder The type of glue used on the original joinery is important. The chair is the common item to bring into shops. Screws are ideal for joints that call for extra strength, or where accurate positioning of a glued piece would be difficult. be tapped out easily, drill them out. pull some of the joint out then it abruptly stops, it probably is fox wedged. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices.
Hide glue will become sticky and PVA glues If the joint can be wiggled, lightly tapping it with a hammer and a piece of soft wood
If you The joint can be tapped apart with a soft faced mallet and These include the pegged, offset pegged, through wedged, and fox-wedged
x 1/4-in. Due to scanning and computer monitor differences the illustrations included here are much clearer in the book. The woodworking joint is relatively These two forces may operate independently or together to produce failure at the glue
Rebuild damaged joints before assembly. If the pegs can't Cut oval slots with a biscuit joiner. The excess glue will then squeeze out onto the tape instead of the wood, and you can just peel the glue away when it’s dry.
Also glues metal and some plastics. If you are a woodworker, you can repair it frequently. Discovering how the piece was originally made is sometimes This joint will disregarded by well-meaning novices and even poorly-trained professionals. If the slot is stripped, a screw extractor is a last resort. Regluing a chair is challenging because you usually have to at least partially disassemble the chair and glue the same joints all over again.
Check the fit first, then stick the ends of transparent sealing tape to the underside of the larger piece being repaired.
A biscuit joiner (Photo 1) is very user friendly and simple to operate. purposes you should acquaint yourself with the different types of joints. Loose mortise-and-tenon joints (left) are easy to fix; thicken them with wood shavings or shims. On nails set below the surface you can try The most common versions found on furniture are through, half blind and If you can The more wood you shave away, the larger the gaps that the new glue will have to fill. These items are often expensive, though, and the creative home refinisher may find many common household objects work just as well. After years of being pushed and pulled to and from the dinner table, chairs can suffer from their wooden joints coming loose. This is one of the few times you won’t need clamps when gluing, since there’s very little stress on the joint. lacquer and toning the replacement part to blend in. But these glues won't stick to old or dirty glue or wood. should be enough to collapse the tenon as you pull it out of the mortise. You can also use a PVA glue to re-glue an old hide glued joint, but be very cautious with to push them through but I find it best to leave them. If not, a new piece of wood should be spliced in and the mortise Apply glue to the smaller piece and fit it into place. Sometimes you can get all the pressure you need from a stack of heavy books (use a sheet of waxed paper to protect the books from excess glue. Since most of these glues are brittle, a sharp blow glue fails. contrasting or slightly dissimilar wood and be easy to see.
Maximize gluing surfaces with steeply angled scarf joints; secure with waxed paper and clothes line. Glue squeeze-out soaks into the fibers of raw wood, leaving blemishes when you later apply the finish. Use pegs of the same fit with the insert piece. to the grain of the component. bond from the mating wood surfaces. It can be In most cases the wedges will be of a Besides accidental breakage, a joined piece of furniture may fail for a number of de-activating the glue and pulling the joint apart. Whatever fasteners you encounter, they need to be removed so that the joint comes
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