Exactly, and WE can never really become “American” or “Japanese” so to speak and I wouldn’t want to in all entirety either, though I can’t stress more, coming from a collective culture like that of Japan or Pakistan to an individualistic culture like that of America one is in for massive a culture shock! For example, when speaking with subordinates, a manager might omit the honorific -san, but he would be unlikely to do so when addressing his superiors. Only when it comes to specific abilities, is one person better, but then it is a technical term, and not a social description.  In 1303 Gikai appointed Keizan as abbot of Daijō-ji, a position he maintained until 1311. Sōtō Zen or the Sōtō school (曹洞宗, Sōtō-shū) is the largest of the three traditional sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism (the others being Rinzai and Ōbaku).
 In time this came to mean all the writings of Dōgen, which thereby became the normative source for the doctrines and organisation of the Sōtō school.. The concept of uchi and soto is deeply rooted in Japanese culture. The following year, we met at a neutral place (restaurant) where I met his wife, three year old daughter and newly-born son for dinner. It is the Japanese line of the Chinese Cáodòng school, which was founded during the Tang dynasty by Dòngshān Liánjiè. They aren’t being rude – it’s just a cultural difference – but it can cause offence if one doesn’t think about it carefully and make that allowance.
I am learning Japanese from some friends in Hyogo, She sent me a CD.
This is a very unique aspect of Japanese culture that I am not necessarily fond of. The opposite is true here in Pakistan, where customer service guys think too highly of themselves and do not extent proper respect. I’d love to another time, but I really need to get on with my work.”. Respectfully yours and best regards. I did see that when I was for more than a month in Japan… But on the other hand, I’ve had a lot of japanese being extra nice and trying to help me – even if that would be a bother to them – and I wasn’t a customer.
A visitor to the home, however, is offered the first bath.
I cannot see that “the free exchange of ideas and prevalence of logic and rationality over personal sensibilities has been a hallmark of improvements in science, technology, and society throughout the world.”. . Business-I don’t think it’s strange. , A precursor to the sect is Shítóu Xīqiān (Ch. opposite is also true.
Outside the work, this uchi/soto relationship is vague and it becomes even more confusing with foreigners. Until the promotion of Dogen studies in modern times, the study of Chinese texts was prevalent in Sōtō: After textual learning was revived during the early Tokugawa period, most Japanese Sōtō monks still studied only well-known Chinese Buddhist scriptures or classic Chinese Zen texts. It doesn't matter the number of years you might have spent in Japan, or your mastery of the language, If a person has distinctive non-Japanese traits, it will be perceived as soto and excluded, in order to maintain the harmony of the uchi group's relationships. In 1243 Dōgen founded Eihei-ji, one of the two head temples of Sōtō-shū today, choosing... ... to create new monastic institutions based on the Chinese model and risk incurring the open hostility and opposition of the established schools.. If a Japanese person considers you a close friend they will do everything they can to help you if you are in need. I would do that if I was working in Japan.
 This was changed by Manzan Dokahu (1636–1714), a Sōtō reformer, who ... [P]ropagated the view that Dharma transmission was dependent on personal initiation between a Master and disciple rather than on the disciple's enlightenment. Respect to the west means that someone looks up to someone or someone who sees someone more noble or something along those lines.
However, I believe that’s natural and probably most foreigners everywhere goes through that.
Thanks for the article , i follow the idea of @AliceBelvoir:disqus it is not strange at all and even if in the uchi/soto relation the politeness is fake , it is still necesssary to have a good leaving society because in business or when you meet a foreigner you are not necessarely ment to be friend by if there is politness (even fake) it makes us want to more friends that if you were rude. characterized by what others perceive as politeness and reserve to the point of seeming remote and formal – diffident, even. Thank you again for referring to my comment and looking forward to further debates, discussions and/or exchange of ideas. The core concept revolves around the idea of dividing people into two groups, a in-group and an out-group.
Dōgen is remembered today as the co-patriarch of Sōtō Zen in Japan along with Keizan Jōkin.. Japanese honorific language ("keigo") is divided into three forms: polite, humble and respectful. However, he refers to his own family, which is his in-group but not the subordinate's, in plain language.
Perhaps America isn’t big on humility, but humbling a manager by not using the suffix ‘san’ sounds fine to me. 4 min read. In addition to features of the Japanese language, uchi-soto also extends to social actions. Shih-t'ou Hsi-ch'ien's (Shitou Xiqien, Sekito Kisen, 700–790) poem "The Harmony of Difference and Sameness" is an important early expression of Zen Buddhism and is chanted in Sōtō temples to this day. The Antaiji-based lineage of Kōdō Sawaki is also widespread. Let us not write off those who have and still are petitioning the government to ensure an equal and safe space within society. I’m married to a Japanese man, my in-laws are Japanese, and so are two of my nieces. This is the foundation of Uchi-Soto. [b], Perhaps more significantly for the Japanese brand of this sect, Dōgen among others advocated the reinterpretation that the "Cao" represents not Caoshan, but rather "Huineng of Caoxi temple" 曹渓慧能 (Sōkei Enō); zh:曹溪慧能).
Still have questions? Houn Jiyu-Kennett (1924-1996) was the first western female Soto Zen priest. In 1969 she returned to the west, founding Shasta Abbey in 1970. Uchi-soto is much stronger in the more rural areas of Japan, and being British, you almost certainly would never become “uchi”. For example, the verb "to eat" may be given as follows: The noun "a drink" may be given as follows; Nouns involving the family, the household, or familial relations normally take honorific prefixes when denoting an out-group and not when denoting an in-group. You maybe right about me but what’s wrong with being nationalistic? , Other important texts promoting zazen are the Shōbōgenzō, and the "Principles of Zazen"[web 6] and the "Universally Recommended Instructions for Zazen". Read also : Keigo, polite speech in Japanese.
Of course, you can go to Antai-ji, if you want; but if you want to deepen your practice of true Zen, you can do it in Europe.
helpful and kind…, Haha, yeah, I live in Minnesota and I’ve heard how different it is from the coasts. Inside, the sliding paper doors let you imagine how closely families live in Japan. , Keizan enlarged the Shingon-temple Yōkō-ji in Ishikawa prefecture, turning it into a Zen monastery in 1312. Any culture has rules of conduct/politeness that mean you cannot be definitively sure about someone until you get to know them.
, The Sōtō school started to place a growing emphasis on textual authority.
Thus, a company employee may occupy a superior position within the specific company but a humble one in relation to the company's customers. It’s not the same thing. Soto, on the other hand, is the outside, the 'other'. He resisted efforts from outside to water down the tradition with other beliefs. softly. Dōgen's teaching is characterized by the identification of practice as enlightenment itself. Apart from this aspect, practicing with the idea of developing one’s own spirituality is not prevalent.
Personally, I find it dangerously ethnocentric, damaging to the growth of globalization and cooperation between Japan and the rest of the world, generalized, and over-simplified. Anybody got any information on this?
This is also why foreigners (soto) have a hard time being truly accepted into Japanese society and those who wish to become Japanese citizens (uchi) face many obstacles. The same employee may hold a black belt, giving them a superior position within a karate club but may be a beginner at tennis and thus occupy an inferior position in the tennis club. Definition of sotto, meaning of sotto in Japanese: 2 definitions matched, 7 related definitions, and 0 example sentences; I do not want to speak humbly of my boss if he is a successful businessman but at the same time, I understand the importance of following such custom in Japanese business culture. It was the end of friendship then, I thought. Rinzai and Sōtō Zen chose to adapt, with embarrassing consequences when Japanese nationalism was endorsed by the Zen institutions.
Tell us in the comments below. Additionally, most of the some 148 temples that are affiliates of Eiheiji today are only minor temples located in Hokkaido—founded during a period of colonization during the Meiji period.
The Kanchō has only representational functions; the real power lies with the Shūmusōchō and his cabinet. Not a great record for “the free exchange of ideas and prevalence of logic and rationality over personal sensibilities” that you see as a hallmark of improvements in science, technology, and society throughout the world.”
As relationships take years building (and require neutering), perhaps you are a little more uchi than soto. Thus, a class of aikido movements executed, especially, outside the attacker's arm(s). I like being treated “with the utmost respect”, and try to treat others in the same way. I made a point of bowing and, in my best Nihongo, I said, “Doumo arigatou, gozaimasu.” I think it has some relevance to “the customer is always right” thing in business. The concept of uchi-soto also applies to another significant Japanese custom, the practise of honne and tatemae.
I question, for example, the worth of “a degree of civility” compared to the potential conformity it coerces or silence it compels in those who may have differing opinions.
I appreciate the opportunity to discuss this very important topic, and I hope we can all learn from each other through civil discussion.
But I don’t think that would work out to their favor.
This depends on the internal hierarchy of the group, but also on the context and other forces at work.
 Among this group were Gikai, Gien and Giin, who were to become influential members of Dōgen's school.. That case is a difficult point for Westerners in Japan, who have usually been taught to be polite by refusing accommodations that inconvenience others.
As an Anarchist, ideologically, it is illogical to describe one person as “better” than another. When in America I was often told – with some astonishment – how polite I was.
Honne and tatemae, I feel you’ve slightly misunderstood – it’s not so much about directness vs indirectness, as it is about expressing your true feelings on a matter (honne), and tactful use of flattery and/or deceit to try and show a form of politeness (tatemae).
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