unconstitutional because it violated the right to privacy. In two landmark decisions that continue to spark controversy today, the Warren Court expanded the scope of the First Amendment by applying its protections to the actions of the states.
The Court's decision outlawing mandatory school prayer in Engel v. Vitale (1962) brought vehement complaints by conservatives that echoed into the 21st century. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966) required that certain rights of a person interrogated while in police custody be clearly explained, including the right to an attorney (often called the "Miranda warning"). Engel v. Vitale: banned state-sponsored prayer in public schools. Weegy: An ocean wave is an example of a surface wave. The most elaborate effort came from, Sunstein at 4 ("Ely went much further. Over the years his ability to lead the Court, to forge majorities in support of major decisions, and to inspire liberal forces around the nation, outweighed his intellectual weaknesses. In 2017, he delivered a glowing lecture on the jurisprudence of William Rehnquist, Roberts’s predecessor as chief justice. In February, Thomas also took aim at Americans’ access to legal counsel under the Sixth Amendment. Warren, who held only a recess appointment, held his tongue until the Senate, dominated by southerners, confirmed his appointment.
 Instead, he believed that in all branches of government common sense, decency, and elemental justice were decisive, not stare decisis (that is, reliance on previous Court decisions), tradition, or the text of the Constitution. In Engel v. Vitale, the Supreme Court decided that prayer in school. Controversy exists about the cause, with conservatives blaming the Court decisions, and liberals pointing to the demographic boom and increased urbanization and income inequality characteristic of that era. The Warren Court's decision about prayer in public schools outlawed official prayers in public schools.  Everyone, even one accused of crimes, still enjoyed constitutionally protected rights, and the police had to respect those rights and issue a specific warning when making an arrest. including it in the 14th Amendment Due Process clause), and ending officially sanctioned voluntary prayer in public schools. With the exception of the desegregation decisions, few decisions were unanimous. The Warren Court effectively ended racial segregation in U.S. public schools, expanded the constitutional rights of defendants, ensured equal representation in state legislatures, outlawed state-sponsored prayer in public schools, and paved the way for the legalization of abortion.
In challenging the constitutionality of racial segregation of America’s public schools, Warren’s very first case, Brown v. Board of Education (1954), tested his leadership skills. ", In the key apportionment case Reynolds v. Sims (1964) Warren delivered a civics lesson: "To the extent that a citizen's right to vote is debased, he is that much less a citizen," Warren declared. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, his liberal counterpart, is 85 and Justice Stephen Breyer is 80.
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