In addition to these sources, the admittedly dubious Plutarch claims Spartan men took particular care of their hair especially in the face of danger and refers to an alleged quote from Lycurgus that long hair was preferred because it rendered a handsome man better looking, and an ugly one more frightening. Finally, on the fifth day the Persians attacked. However, one year after Cleomenes' birth, Anaxandridas' first wife also gave birth to a son, Dorieus. Leonidas' spear and shield is identical to Kratos'. SO I'd say there is something to that thesis. Interesting, thank you Ms Schrader.

It's fun to see the backgroud behind the Hollywood mumbo jumbo. I agree that the image of a greasy vagrant with unkempt hair (as depicted by Mr Hook) is a nonsense. In order to promote stability, he even changed his name from Tutankhaten, meaning the “living image of Aten,” to Tutankhamen, meaning the “living image of [the creator god] Amun.” Producing no living offspring, he was succeeded on the throne by his close advisor Ay. Persia

Leonidas, Spartan king whose stand against the invading Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece is one of the enduring tales of Greek heroism, invoked throughout Western history as the epitome of bravery exhibited against overwhelming odds. Omissions? In today’s “How to Look Like A Superhero,” we’ll be checking out Gerard Butler’s routine in the movie, “300.” “Madness? Want some inspiration? (whatever looks cool always wins over reality in certain peoples' minds, haha), So, Helena, I'm working on something where the setting is 391 bc. In fact, Spart... On September 10, I speculated about the physical appearance of Spartan men.

Leonidas married Cleomenes’ daughter Gorgo, following the tradition of avunculate marriages like his parents before him. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

The meaning of his name is son of a lion, or translates to like a lion, depending on the interpretation and context.

Herodotus says that Xerxes' orders were to have Leonidas' head cut off and put on a stake and his body crucified. I declare that he will not be restrained until he utterly tears apart one of these.[11]. However, it is physically impossible to keep long hair in neat, orderly strands when engaged in sports and other strenuous activities unless it is carefully confined in some way. It is believed that Leonidas succeeded his half-brother, who held the throne around 488 B.C., and held hold of the throne until he died in 480 B.C. Anything that isn't strictly fighting (involved in building what should be built, that includes technique as well as muscle) is managed in an extremely optimal and professional manner so that it doesn't damage the fighter's ability to fight. In cinema, Leonidas has been portrayed by: Leonidas serves an important role to the plot of the 2018 video game Assassin's Creed: Odyssey. By the time of the ‘Battle of Sepeia’ against Argos in 494 BC, he had already been named Cleomenes’ heir as the latter didn’t have a male issue. [15][16] At that point Leonidas sent away all Greek troops and remained in the pass with his 300 Spartans, 900 helots, 400 Thebans and 700 Thespians. [17], A hero cult of Leonidas survived at Sparta until the Antonine era (2nd century AD). As a novelist, I have given considerable thought to what the Spartans in the Age of Leonidas might have looked like, as well as how they... No myth about Sparta is as persistent or controversial as the claim that pederasty and homosexuality dominated Spartan society. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!

This is how the Pass at Thermopylae looks today. How five officials elected... Spartan dress and decoration differed from that of the rest of the Greek world sufficiently to provoke comment among ancient observers. Always found it funny to see all the wacky stylized takes/interpretations of ancient times in movies, etc. Very little is known about Tutankhamens life, other than that he took power around 1332 B.C. Computer generated image of King Tut (Credit: BBC). Notable, however, is despite the different explanations of, (The modern observer should take careful note of the fact that if Spartans were apparently on average taller than other Greeks, they probably did not suffer any real deprivation as children. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. For more, visit her website at:, Very interesting. Here are a few close up stills of Leonidas beard from the movie ‘300’. It is startling the way Xenophon’s explanation of why the Spartans restricted the diet of youth to the necessary is focused on virtues very useful to an effective army in the field, while Plutarch’s speculation is more about cheating and “villainy.” Indeed, if one follows Plutarch’s reasoning, Spartan youth didn’t suffer any deprivation at all because they simply stole what they didn’t get in their official rations and the clever and better they were at theft, the fatter they would have become, defeating any “secondary” aim of improving the physique.

Since the ancient explanation (they received too little to eat as children) is implausible, we need to look for other possible explanations that would make the thesis (Spartans were generally taller) credible. According to Herodotus, Leonidas' mother was not only his father's wife but also his father's niece and had been barren for so long that the ephors, the five annually elected administrators of the Spartan constitution, tried to prevail upon King Anaxandridas II to set her aside and take another wife. One professor has even speculated that a hippopotamus did him in. He is 5'6, about the same height as Piper McLean. He was son of King Anaxandridas II. [Lycurgus] also considered that a diet which produced slim bodies did more to make them grow tall than one in which the food filled them out.” (Spartan Society:2). Using precise actions and techniques far superior to their enemy. According to Xenophon, they were capable of carrying out very complex manuevers in a highly disciplined manner. Plutarch, the less reliable source, writes: “The aim of providing [Spartan boys in the agoge] with only sparse fare is that they should be driven to make up its deficiencies by resort to daring and villainy. [11], Of the small Greek force, attacked from both sides, all were killed except for the 400 Thebans, who surrendered to Xerxes without a fight. Leonidas of Sparta: A Boy of the Agoge,[24] Leonidas of Sparta: A Peerless Peer,[25] and Leonidas of Sparta: A Heroic King.[26].

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